Types of Stars

To go further we need to understand the various types of stars out there. And not all that we call stars are really stars!

 

Main Sequence

 

Dwarfs

Red Dwarfs

 

White Dwarfs

 

Brown Dwarfs

 

Black Dwarfs
Most astronomers ignore these but it's in the specification so we better do what it says.

 

Giant Types

Giants

Sub Giants

 

Super Giants & Hyper Giants

 

Other Stars

 

Protostar

 

Neutron Star

 

Black Hole

 

 


 

Main Seqeunce / Dwarf Comparison
Low Mass Stars
Red Dwarf Proxima Centauri
Dwarfs
White Dwarf
White Dwarf Sirius B next to Sirius A
Black Dwarf
Giant Comparions

 

Video - Size Comparison
Questions
  • Describe how scientists can use heliocentric parallax to establish the distance to nearby stars.
  • Draw a diagram to explain heliocentric parallax.
Animation
Distances

We will look at three ways to determine distances to stars:

  • Heliocentric Parallax
  • Cepheid Variables
  • Using the HR Diagram
Links